The Long, the Medium and the Short

There are many different views, for lots of good reasons, as to what defines a trade period. But let’s try this:

Day trading, as the word suggests, is a trade that is entered and exited on the same day. Mostly this will be technical trading but could be news or event based.

Short-term trading is again primarily technical; but could include fundamental, news and event-based criteria. Usually one day out to several months.

Medium-term could be nine months (as defined by Peter Lynch as the period beyond which fundamental information provides all the influence) out to several years.

Between medium-term and long-term we see a gap. A sort of no man’s (or women’s) land.

A massive correction, substantial pull-back or crash (call it what you will) happens between 7 and 15 years. Historically not before seven years, but could be more than 15 years.

So, let’s take 15 years as a guide. For our ‘long-term’ investments to survive, to grow, they may have to outlast a couple of crashes. That takes the extended term to 30 years, or thereabouts, depending on the date of purchase of the investment relative to a previous crash.

It makes sense therefore that investment money needed for a pension ought not to be invested over the medium term some 7 to 15 years from a previous crash.

2008 was our last crash, so between 2015 and 2023, or until the next one, it might be prudent only to invest short-term or long term.

And, we would say long-term only with excellent value equities probably purchased before 2015.

Slow Trader Diary – Week 26

One step forward, followed by one step back. Or was it the other way round?

When trading (or managing) a leveraged fund there is no hiding. Unlike ‘normal’ funds where poor investments ignored under the (incorrect) pretence that the share price will eventually return.

Often it doesn’t. And the loss is rarely admitted to – how many pension funds still hold Lloyds Bank since before 2008? The theory being that the offending share investment is not a loss until sold at a loss.

Peter Lynch – arguably the most successful fund manager – in his books, tells us of investments he still holds today – from decades ago – that will never recover to previous values.

A leveraged fund, on the other hand, is brutal. If you go down a fraction, you sell. You take your losses early is the mantra. Your failure is known right away. And you will have losses. Its part and parcel of the game.

Here are my failures (and win) this week: failure plural, win singular.

Firstly, we paid £24.79 this week in long-interest. A charge IG make for carrying DFB (Daily Fund Bets) over one day. Day traders – those that don’t carry trades past one day – would have nothing to pay.

FX AUD/USD – £480 loss. Not my finest hour.

Halliburton – £558 loss.


We bought at the green arrow. Perfect, a 50% retrace and good price action. However, I (foolishly and unknowingly at the time) broke my rule of going against the trend. It was only clear to me after the share price went lower and stopped out that we were, indeed, trading against the recent trend. We had a lower high; okay, hidden until the next move, but still not a good trade.

Under Armour Inc. + £667.


This had everything we required. Trend, retrace and price action. Target price set at purchase providing a 3 to 1 trade.

Should I have set a higher target? Maybe. Only time will tell. The target was my call at the time. And I still stand by it. We are short-term traders after all.

Trades we are currently in:

CLS Holdings. – 51.7 points down. We had sold this share at break even and bought again at a lower price. Not a great strategy to chase a share price down looking for a buy point. However, the chart and the fundamentals are sound.



ITV PLC. + 12.3 points up.

Snip20150627_13Our target is a new high with ITV. Fundamentals are good too. + 15.9 points up.


The significant drop down, shown on the chart, leaves me a little nervous to take this share to a new high. Also, we have moved our (non-guarantee) stop up. For a stock such as this – one that has significant moves – a guaranteed stop would (in hindsight) have been a good option.

Monster Beverage Corp. + 1137 points up. Don’t be confused by the number of points. As US stocks are often much more expensive than UK shares, we have ample points movements in our US trades. However, in the tradition of proper money management, we have a trade amount that matches the risk. For Monster that, in this case, is 0.7 pence per point. (In the case of Moneysupermarket, for example, it is £20 per point).


Pace. – 9.1 points down. An odd share chart and one that I will look to exit.

WPP. + 2 points. WPP is now trending down, so I will observe when the market opens on Monday to sell this share.

That is it for this week. As usual, I will post the fund position overall (Done monthly) in the new month, probably next week. Have a great weekend.